You already have French in you, discover it

 

Bienvenus chers auditeurs et auditrices sur notre programme My French World on Radio, sur les ondes de la Lead City FM, en modulation de fréquence 89,1 ici sur le campus de la Lead City University, à Ibadan. Je suis votre animateur, Alani Souleymane. L’émission de Samedi 29 juillet 2017 pour sur:

20170729_073500
Souleymane & Oluwajoba Oladeinde, sur Lead City FM Ibadan 89.1 FM, 29/07/17

SIMILARITIES BETWEEN FRENCH AND ENGLISH

The Michel Thomas method of teaching foreign languages is an audio method that gives you a practical and functional use of the language by making learning motivating, enjoyable and exciting, . It builts on short words and phrases in French by conveying the meaning via English. You are asked how you would say a phrase in French, starting with simple sentences and gradually building up to more advanced constructions. It reviews repeatedly most important words and phrases. Thomas advises you to be relaxed and to leave off tension and anxiety traditionally attached to language learning, hence you will be able to grab the basics of French language and build confidence in speaking it.

First, it is important for you to know that French is not alien to English. From the year 1066 AD, when William the Conquerer became King of England, Norman French became the official language, that of the elite, in England while English became the language of the masses for about 300 years. This explains how thousands French words made it into the English language, most of which are still in use today particularly about luxury, food or the law.

With this broad common basis of familiarity, it means that you already know French (comprendre le français), as an English speaker, before starting your first lesson in French (leçon de français). Houy believes that 100,000 French words (mots français) are found in the average English dictionary (dictionnaire anglais). Learning a few thousands of them will help you understand (comprendre) most conversations. Meanwhile, Thomas asserts that over 60% of your English vocabulary comes from French (60% de votre vocabulaire anglais sont d’origine française). There are many similarities (beaucoup de similarités) in French. The only issue is on pronunciation (une question d’accent, une différence de prononciation).

To start or commence (pour commencer), you need to retransform your English vocabulary back into French (Retransformez votre vocabulaire anglais en français), especially if you consider that active vocabulary is limited (Spécialement, si vous considérez que le vocabulaire actif est limité).

  • Words ending in ble such as table, stable, adorable, confortable, acceptable or possible, audible, etc.

It’s possible = C’est possible; It’s comfortable = C’est confortable.

The table is comfortable = la table est confortable

It’s possible the table is comfortable = c’est possible, la table est confortable

Pour moi – for me. C’est confortable pour moi.

Ce n’est pas [snepa] pronounced fast in frenchit is not. Ce n’est pas très confortable pour moi.

  • Words ending in Ent, ant is pronounced /ã / many words in English with this end (ent, ant) is pronounced /ã / in French.

Différent, important. Ce n’est pas différent. Mais c’est important pour moi.

Evident, récent, constant.

  • Ary in English will be aire in French.

Nécessaire – necessary; ce n’est pas nécessaire.

Contraire – contrary. Au contraire – on the contrary.

Vocabulaire – vocabulary. Militaire – military.

  • Ence in english would be / ãs / in French.

Une différence. La différence est claire, Seven Up.

Une préférence – a preference. La préférence – the preference. Quelle préférence – what preference.

Avez-vous – do you have, have you? Avez-vous une préférence? Quelle préférence avez-vous?

  • Words ending in ion : condition, réservation, position, information, attention, communication, transformation, action, connexion, télévision.

Une condition, la condition – a/the condition. Quelle condition = which condition?

La position, une position (en classe) – a/the position.

Réservation / res3rvatjo / every word ending « ation ».

Une réservation, la réservation – a/the reservation.

Quelle réservation. Vous avez une réservation pour moi ? = You have a reservation for me ?

  • Words ending in ical– ique in French.

Political = politique; Économique; Philosophique – philosophical; Logique – logical; Pratique – pratical. Ce n’est pas logique mais c’est très pratique comme ça.

La situation économique et politique.

N.B. : These words form some pairs of synonyms in English: commencer (commence, start), liberté (freedom/liberty), porc (pig = pork), mouton (sheep = mutton), boeuf (cow, beef).

There are also obvious examples such as: déjà-vu, á la mode, cul-de-sac, RSVP, femme fatale, avant garde, faux pas.

Other words have been ‘anglicized’: camouflage, sauce, cache, debacle, depot, impasse and restaurant!

We have a great deal of French words in English food worlds: à la carte, menu, aperitif, café, picnic, salade, soupe, omelette, bon appétit, restaurant, chef (boss in French and not only cook)

In the fashion industry and appearances, we have prêt-à-porter, chic, couture, silhouette, etc.

You can equally think of words such Bourgeois, chauffeur, critique, depot, déjà vu, entrepreneur, fiancé, genre, toilette, R.S.V.P, souvenir, cliché, bouquet, boutique, coup

Do you know other similarities? Kindly give us a feedback!

A. Souleymane

Tel: 08185008185 (whatsapp No); www.myfrenchworld.org; My French World on Facebook (or Alani Souleymane); twitter@myfrenchworld1

REFERENCES

Cloef. “Feel Lost? A Map to the Similarities between English and French”. FluentU. http://www.fluentu.com/blog/french/similarities-between-english-and-french/

Diana. “Language Similarities: Just How Close are English and French?”

Houy, Benjamin. “53 French Words You Regularly Use in English”, French together, https://frenchtogether.com/french-words-in-english/,

Mosalingua. https://www.mosalingua.com/en/language-similarities-between-english-and-french/

 

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